Type 321 (UNS S32100)

Description

Type 321 is a titanium stabilized chromium nickel austenitic stainless steel with corrosion resistance similar to 304/304L. This grade is typically used in the 800-1500˚F temperature range where it is stabilized against chromium carbide precipitation by the addition of titanium, which results in the precipitation of titanium carbides. Type 321 has excellent intergranular corrosion resistance after exposure to this temperature range, and this grade resists oxidation up to 1500˚F and has higher creep and stress rupture properties than 304/304L. It also possesses good low temperature toughness and is non-magnetic in the annealed condition.

Chemical Composition
Chemical Composition (wt%) limits as specified in ASTM A240 and ASME SA240*.
Element 321
Carbon 0.08
Chromium 17.0-19.0
Nickel 9.0-12.0
Manganese 2.00
Silicon 0.75
Nitrogen 0.10
Phosphorus 0.045
Sulfur 0.030
Titanium 5(C+N) min / 0.70 max
* Maximum, unless range is indicated
Mechanical Properties
Mechanical property requirements for annealed product as specified in ASTM A240 and ASME SA240.
Property 321
Yield Strength, min. (ksi) 30
Tensile Strength, min. (ksi) 75
Elongation, min. (%) 40
Hardness, max. (Rb) 95
Physical Properties
Physical properties for Type 321 stainless steel
Property 321 Data
Density, lb/in3 0.286
Modulus of Elasticity, psi 28.0 x 106
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion, 68-212˚F, /˚F 9.2 x 10-6
Thermal Conductivity, Btu/ft hr ˚F 9.3
Specific Heat, Btu/lb ˚F 0.12
Electrical Resistivity, Microohm-in 28.4
Standards
Typical standards for Type 321 stainless steel
Property 321 Data
Density, lb/in3 0.286
Modulus of Elasticity, psi 28.0 x 106
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion, 68-212˚F, /˚F 9.2 x 10-6
Thermal Conductivity, Btu/ft hr ˚F 9.3
Specific Heat, Btu/lb ˚F 0.12
Electrical Resistivity, Microohm-in 28.4

Data are typical, are provided for informational purposes, and should not be construed as maximum or minimum values for specification or for final design, or for a particular use or application. The data may be revised anytime without notice. We make no representation or warranty as to its accuracy and assume no duty to update. Actual data on any particular product or material may vary from those shown herein.  © 2014 RMP Inc. All rights reserved.